Torosaurus

Do not be fooled by the name of this dinosaur, its name comes from Latin and means “perforated lizard”, as would be logical to think that its name does not come from taurus which means bull but from bullfighting which means perforated. It bears this name because it has very particular perforations that are precisely what make us distinguish it from Triceratops. Confusion is logical, so don’t expect to find a dinosaur that looks like a bull.

The Torosaurus has two known species, it is a Ceratopsiano Ceratopsiano dinosaur that lived in the last half of the Cretaceous period, 65 million years ago in what we know today as North America. It was a fairly robust dinosaur, in total it must have been 8.8 meters long and about 2 meters high, and weighed up to 6 tons. There are many doubts about this dinosaur and there is even a big debate about whether it is really a different species or just an adult Triceratops.

One important thing to mention is that its skull is the second largest of all the dinosaurs we know, its skull is only surpassed by that of the Pentaceratops.

The Torosaurus was discovered in 1891, it has been a long time ago by John Bell Hatcher, although it was the renowned Othniel Marsh who gave it its name. The discovery of the Torosaurus was made two years after the discovery of the Triceratops, with the difference that its balls were longer and pierced, this discovery was made in Wyoming. Other remains like this have been found in MOntana, North and South Dakota, as well as Utah. Triceratops are definitely more abundant and one of the few ways to identify them is through the perforations in their skulls. However, where they have been found the most is in Texas and New Mexico.

A Torosaurus was incredibly large, much larger than an elephant and above all extremely heavy, about the same as five hippos together. It was a quadruped and like most of those who shared this style of walking they ate plants. In the case of the torosaurus, it fed on low plants, i.e. those that grew in the soil and were within reach. The most interesting thing about his diet is the impressive amount of food he had to eat to keep his heavy body functioning, it is believed that most of his time was spent eating to give his body energy to keep it functioning. In addition, like other dinosaurs of the same family, it had a kind of parakeet beak that served perfectly well for eating plants and was incredibly effective for fruits, only that they would be eaten once they fell from the tree.

First of all, the Torosaurus had one of the largest skulls on record, counting its impressive golla, its skull was almost 3 meters long, which is quite large, even for the large dinosaurs that existed at that time and had very small heads. His skull was about 13 times larger than that of a human, yet his brain was small, although it has been shown that his intelligence and instinct were not compromised by this characteristic.

On the other hand, he had a large gola, a gola is a bone plate that is also called a ruffle and is located on the back of his skull as if it were a crown. He also had a short horn over his beak and two horns just above his eyes, which are believed to have been used to protect him from predator bites and during courtship to rival other males. But without a doubt the greatest function of his gola was to make it impressive since when he stood up straight his gola was projected and made him look much bigger than he really was, the bigger the better, the better, in fact it is believed that the leaders of the herd were the Torosaurus with bigger golas.

Because the Torosaurus is so big it is quite popular, although it will always be in the background with the triceratops. You can find it in the documentary Walking with Dinosaurs, in the Jurassic Park Operation Genesis video game, by the way in the two previous ones fighting each other. Also in Cretaceous Calamity and Zoo Tycoon 2 you can adopt it.