The Megalosaurus was one of the fiercest dinosaur genres you can imagine. These great and ferocious dinosaurs inhabited our planet during the Jurassic Period (166 million years ago). This genus is classified among the group of Saurian dinosaurs megalosaurid theropods.
This genre would have looked as fierce as you can imagine. He had large, sharp claws and equally sharp teeth with which he could easily tear up prey much larger than himself.
Despite having all the ballots to become a great candidate to become a fierce predator, it is suspected that he could have been simply a scavenger dinosaur.
Want to know more about this issue? Below you will find the most complete information about the Megalosaurus you can imagine…. Read on and find out all about the carnivorous dinosaur of the Jurassic!
The Megalosaurus was undoubtedly a large dinosaur as its name suggests and also a predator. Let’s see what the characteristics of the Megalosaurus are.
How long is it? The length of this dinosaur is approximately 9 meters.
What is your height? The Megalosaurus measured between 3 and 4 meters.
What is your weight? The approximate weight of this predatory dinosaur is 2 tons.
When did he live? It inhabited the Earth about 166 million years ago.
Which one’s his family? It belongs to the family Megalosauridae.
The taxonomy of the Megalosaurus
Animal Kingdom > Chordata Edge > Superordinate Dinosaur > Order Saurisky > Subordinate Theropods > Family Megalosauridae > Subfamily Megalosaurinae > Genus Megalosaurus
Species of Megalosaurus
So far there is only one species within the genus Megalosaurus. The only species discovered is M. bucklandil.
The Megalosauridae are a family of dinosaurs made up of carnivorous theropod dinosaurs. It is a family that comes from the Sauriskian Order. The families that most closely resemble these dinosaurs would be the Allosauridae and the Spinosauridae.
The Megalosauridae are a family that includes several groups of dinosaurs, including the Torvosaurus, Eustreptospondylus, Streptospondylus and the Megalosaurus, which we are talking about in this entry.
For the first time, in 1824, a dinosaur was formally described, and as a result the dinosaur clade was created. This is the description of the Megalosaurus.
However, although the Megalosaurus was described in 1824, it was not until 1869 that Thomas Huxley first defined the Megalosauridae family.
Did you know that? The role of this family throughout history has been that of a “wastebasket” for those dinosaurs that were either partially described or not identified. When paleontology was just beginning, up to 48 species were grouped within this family. Little by little the species were classified correctly.
Characteristics of the family
This family is distinguished from the others by something quite clear: two synapomorphs (unique characteristics of a group). The first is a deltopectoral: the humeral diaphasis contains a crest of the humerus that ends halfway down. The second is the fibula, which is missing an anterolateral tubercle.
An important characteristic of this dinosaur family is that it has a longer and lower skull. The length to height ratio is 3 to 1.
The large body size of this theropod dinosaur does not prevent it from being a bipedal animal. They weighed about a ton, and even more. According to the samples obtained in the Early Jurassic and those obtained at the end of the Middle Jurassic, it has been deduced that the Megalosaurus were increasing in size as they evolved.
The increase in size over time resembles the pattern followed by other theropod giants such as Spinosauridae.
The teeth of the Megalosauridae have some differences with those of the other theropods. For example, your denture has multiple wrinkles in the enamel near the area of the hides and with a very sharp edge.
Location and period
Within the Middle Jurassic, it is one of the largest carnivorous dinosaurs known and has one of the best preserved femurs.
Megalosaurids are classified as a European group of dinosaurs, although they have been found in Niger. The possibility of this dinosaur family appearing shortly before the Pangea subdivision (in the Gondwana and Laurasia areas) has been considered. Therefore, there is a possibility that this family of dinosaurs had dominated both halves during the Jurassic period.
Unlike most of their family members, the Megalosaurus were initially depicted as quadruped animals. This means that they used their four legs to walk correctly (but now we know that they were typically bipedal).
The first descriptions according to Buckland
Not much was known about this dinsoaurus at first, as hardly enough remains had been found to do so. Still, Buckland would have described this dinosaur from a reconstruction.
Although most of this dinosaur’s family are bipedal, Buckalnd rebuilt the Megalosaurus as quadrupedal animeles, that is, they used their four legs to move around.