Ceratosaurus

Ceratosaurus dino

The name Ceratosaurus comes from the Greek and means Reptile with Horn and refers to the horn just above its nose. A Ceratosaurid Trepodo, these dinosaurs lived at the end of the Jurassic period about 150 million years ago, particularly in areas in North America, Africa and Europe. They lived together with the Allosaurus and the Torvosaurus, as well as the Diplodocus, in fact it is believed that it would compete with the Allosaurus for the same food, it was a little smaller, could measure up to 8 meters long, 2.5 meters high and could weigh up to a ton. We could say that it was like a big rhinoceros, but its movements were much lighter and more flexible, its tail was very similar to that of a crocodile, which suggests that it was possibly a swimmer and was helped by this tail.

One of the most interesting features is that he had a kind of armor of small osteoderms that went from the middle of his back to the tip of his tail. One thing to mention is that his head was incredibly larger in proportion to his body.

Most of the remains found of this dinosaur were recovered from the Morrison Formation in Tanzania and possibly from the Lourinha Formation in Portugal. Othonien Marsh the great scholar of dinosaurs described this species in 1884, and this description was enriched by Gilmore in 1920. Two different species of this dinosaur were then described in much more detail. Finally, in 2000, not long ago, the last two species found, Magnicornis and Dentilsulcatus, were described. They were found in excellent condition and much better preserved, and they are in much younger rocks, which allows a better and deeper study of them.

The most recent studies say that Ceratosaurus used to hunt aquatic prey, i.e. they lived in the sea as fish and small reptiles. Although it is said that he could most likely have fed on larger dinosaurs. However, the most interesting thing about the way he fed was that they hunted together, particularly adults and young people, which is not very common because usually the herds were made up only of adults. It is believed that Ceratosaurus ate mainly Camptosaurus and other ornithopods that shared the land with them. Of course, the option of being a scavenger exists, especially because of its size and because it could have beaten the carrion out of any other small predator. However, the fact that the front of its muzzle had long tusks tells us that they were probably used to hold prey, preventing them from being released easily.

The most outstanding characteristic of the Ceratosaurus is that its head was particularly large especially if we take into account the size of its body and it also had a prominent horn in the part of the nose with some protrusions coming out of the nasal bone. This bone differentiated it from all the others of its kind, it was just above its muzzle and the protuberances made species of ridges over its eyes. The first theories say that he did not use this horn as a weapon, since it did not have enough mass to do any damage, but it served to differentiate him from others of his species and to gain territory, but above all to gain females since he used it to show himself to them, this theory was reinforced because it is thought that the horn had bright colors. On the other hand, Marsh in 1884 considered that this horn could have been a very powerful weapon for both defense and attack.

The Ceratosaurus is a quite popular dinosaur, starting its participation on the big screen since 1914 in the film Brute Froce, also appears in Fantasia. In the movie Animal world kills a Stegosaurus, for some reason in most of the movies he appears has fierce battles, so when you find Ceratosaurus he will be fighting to the death with some other dinosaur. You can also find it in the third Jurassic Park film and the documentary When the Dinosaurs Dominated America. Also in Jurassic Fight Club as always in a fierce battle.