Carcharodontosaurus

Carcharodontosaurus paint

The name Carcharodontosaurus comes from Latin and means lizard or reptile with shark teeth, this is because of its long, serrated teeth. This peculiar dinosaur lived about 100 million years ago in the middle of the Cretaceous period, this period was the one that ended with the extinction of the dinosaurs. The Carcharodontosaurus lived in North Africa, was a carnivore that measured approximately 13 meters and could weigh up to 15 tons, is one of the largest and heaviest dinosaurs we know, in fact was a little smaller than a Spinosaurus, but larger than a Tyrannosaurus.

It should be noted that it had one of the largest skulls known, which could measure up to 1.6 meters. It is remotely related to the Gigantosaurus. Studies of his skull have shown that his brain was very similar to the modern crocodile and very similar to that of some of today’s great reptiles. It is also believed that Carcharodontosaurus may have had major conflicts with another large predator, Spinosaurus, probably over territory. Two species of this dinosaur are currently known.

It was discovered by Charles Depérter and J. Savornin on an excursion to Africa in 1927, curiously enough the first time they discovered it they called it Megalosaurus, although in 1931 when deeper studies were made it was changed to its present name, it was because of its Carcharodon teeth, that is to say shark, that it got its name. In fact, the first thing that was discovered was his teeth, in Algeria. Its first preserved remains have a tragic history, as they were destroyed in a World War II bombing, as they were being studied in Germany. However, in 1996 a skull was discovered in Morocco and from then on more remains were found until a second species was found in Niger in 2005, this second species is different from the first in the jaw and skull.

The Carcharodontosaurus had very powerful jaws, literally full of teeth, like sharks, hence its name. These teeth basically tore through the flesh of their prey and they died almost instantaneously. Not to mention that he had impressive hook-like claws, with which he could hold his prey steady while biting them, with a pressure of 3.5 tons of pressure. They were extremely effective hunters, perhaps not as fast as others, could run only 30 km per hour and it is thought that it is very likely that they would not do so because they could not survive a fall, however when they caught a prey it was impossible to get out of their clutches alive.

In addition to all this he had impressive vision, so he could see relatively small prey from a great distance, scientists say he was biting his prey immediately. He probably would have hunted in groups like other Allosaurids, but there is no proof of that. As one of the predatory giants, it is believed that it needed an established territory for hunting that it did not share with anyone else, which means that in addition to hunting it had to defend its territory, this idea reinforces the theory that they hunted in groups, or rather that they worked in groups, some hunted while others protected the territory.

It was between 1920 and 1930 that parts of the skull and many teeth of the Cacharodontosaurus were found. It is this particular denture that makes it so special. These teeth were about the size of a finger and the largest teeth could be even longer than an adult’s hand, because of the power these teeth gave him, the dinosaur tiger has been considered. They were his most powerful weapon, attacking his prey by running with his mouth open and catching them like a shark in the water. It had a group of 15 teeth arranged in battery, that is to say, one after the other and it is believed that just as sharks could be replaced when they fell or chipped when they were constantly used for hunting. There wasn’t another dinosaur that had a set of teeth like this.

Where else can you find him?

This dinosaur has not taken the popularity it should perhaps have because it is very recently discovered and described, some toy lines have taken its characteristic teeth and given them to other dinosaurs, without having the full features of Carcharodontosaurus. However, in recent years it has become much more widespread and is becoming famous and loved among dinosaur lovers.